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Heritage Listed Location


25 Chapel Street St Kilda, Port Phillip City, Victoria, Australia

Places Nearby

Windsor, 3181 0.4km Balaclava, 3183 1.1km St Kilda East, 3183 1.2km Ripponlea, 3185 2.0km Middle Park, 3206 3.1km

Details / Significance

Elmwood was constructed to a design prepared by the architects Crouch and Wilson for the merchant Israel Bloomington in 1868. Bloomington was born c.1826 in Poland, arriving in Australia c.1853. He was the proprietor of a boot/outfitters warehouse in Swanston Street and was a leading member of the Melbourne Jewish community. The architects Thomas James Crouch and Ralph Wilson were well known and prolific designers in Melbourne in the nineteenth century. They had good links with the Jewish community and worked extensively in St Kilda.

Elmwood is a two storey villa with a colonnaded verandah and symmetrical facade with entablature. A central pediment over the verandah and balcony is supported by massive Doric columns on the ground floor level and ionic columns above. Plain arched brackets and cast iron balustrading decorate the balcony. Polygonal bays flank the central arched entrance. Voussoirs and rustication emphasise the ground floor facade. The two storey wing on the south side of the building was added not long after construction. Although not a part of the original building, this wing containing a ballroom on the ground floor level and bedrooms above is sympathetic to the design. Elmwood is considered to be a typical villa of its kind. It has been suggested that the palazzo Chiericati ai Vicenza 1550 is a model for Elmwood. As a villa residence the garden setting of Elmwood would have been a vital component.

Elmwood is of historic and architectural importance for the following reasons:

- as one of the most sophisticated and best surviving examples of villas in Melbourne in the nineteenth century;

- for its creative and distinctive Renaissance Revival architectural style reminiscent of the work of 16th century Italian architect Andrea Palladio;

- as a notable work of the architects Crouch and Wilson;

- as an expression of the success and aspirations of a prominent member of the Jewish community, the merchant Israel Bloomington, in the prominent residential area of St Kilda in the nineteenth century.

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H0754 1 elmwood july 2004 she project
H0754 elmwood2 july 2004 she project
h00754 plan h0754

Heritage Listed Locations Nearby

Cloyne 0.2km
The Manse 0.9km
Oberwyl 1.1km
Fleurs 1.1km
Ulimaroa 1.3km
Glenfern 1.3km
Wilgah 1.3km
Wilgah 1.3km
Eden Terrace 1.4km
Residences 1.4km
Ripplemere 1.4km
Eildon 1.4km
George Hotel 1.5km
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