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Former Ioof Hall (ODDFELLOWS Hall)

Heritage Listed Location

Address

35 Victoria Street And 392 Russell Street Melbourne, Melbourne City, Victoria, Australia

Places Nearby

Melbourne, 3000 0.9km University Of Melbourne, 3010 1.3km Melbourne University, 3052 1.3km Fitzroy, 3065 1.6km Collingwood, 3066 2.1km

Details / Significance

1880 Panorama shows hall building.1905 - 1 & 2 storey buildings (Oddfellows Hall & Offices)

Heritage Inventory Significance: SOURCE: FILE NOTESFRIENDLY SOCIETIES WERE AN IMPORTANT AID TO SOCIAL SECURITY AND SOCIAL COHESION IN NINETEENTH CENTURY BRITAIN AND IMMIGRANT SOCIETIES LIKE AUSTRALIA. FOUNDED IN ENGLAND EARLY IN THE CENTURY, THE MANCHESTER UNITED INDEPENDENT ORDER OF ODDFELLOWS WAS ESTABLISHED IN MELBOURNE BY 1840 AND MEMBERSHIP EXPLODED FOLLOWING THE GOLD RUSH DECADE. IN 1872 THE SOCIETY OBTAINED A RESERVATION OF LAND AT THE WESTERN END OF THE TRIANGLE BOUNDED BY MACKENZIE, VICTORIA AND RUSSELL STREETS AND IN 1876-77 CONTRIBUTED A BRICK WALL AND COTTAGE. THE ORIGINAL BUILDING HAD FOUR BAYS TO VICTORIA STREET AND WAS FIRST OCCUPIED IN 1877. THE DESIGN IS DESCRIBED IN THE NATIONAL TRUST CITATION AS BEING IN THE ITALIAN RENAISSANCE STYLE.IN 1888 THE ARCHITECTS RAVENSCROFT AND FREEMAN CALLED TENDERS FOR THE ERECTION OF A FIFTH AND WIDER BAY TO THE WEST OF THE BUILDING. IT WOULD APPEAR THAT THE COMPLEX HAS BEEN EXTENSIVELY RENOVATED IN THE TWENTIETH CENTURY. THE ODDFELLOWS OCCUPIED THE BUILDING FROM 1877. THE OFFICES (KNOWN AS ODDFELLOWS CHAMBERS) HAD MANY PROFESSIONAL TENANTS, INCLUDING THE ARCHITECT NORMAN HITCHCOCK. THE COMMONWEALTH BANK HAS OCCUPIED THE OFFICES SINCE 1931. UP UNTIL 1927 THE SITE COMPRISED RESIDENTIAL FACILITIES, INCLUDING TWO COTTAGES FOR 'POOR AND NEEDY' MEMBERS OF THE ORDER. THE IOOF HALL AND OFFICES MAY BE REGARDED AS AN IMPORTANT REMINDER OF THE ROLE PLAYED BY SUCH SOCIETIES IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY WHEN WELFARE AND COMMUNITY SERVICES WERE PROVIDED BY LODGES, CHURCHES AND OTHER COMMUNITY ORGANISATIONS RATHER THAN BY GOVERNMENT. THE HALL MAY BE VIEWED AS HISTORICALLY IMPORTANT AS ONE OF THE FEW SURVIVING PUBLIC STRUCTURES BUILT FOR WORKING MEN IN THE NINETEENTH CENTURY RATHER THAN THEIR EMPLOYERS. THE IOOF HALL COMPLEMENTS THE HORTICULTURAL HALL AND OTHER NEARBY HISTORIC BUILDINGS AND MONUMENTS INCLUDING THE EIGHT HOURS MONUMENT AND TRADE HALL.

Archeological Potential: Extant bldg Fabric,Potential (area)

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Heritage Listed Locations Nearby

Trades Hall 0.1km
Bell Place 0.1km
Rosaville 0.3km
Medley Hall 0.3km
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